Drum Drops – Dub Tips

Nice article on mixer layout, EFX tips and ethos from Drum Drops – Credits: Style Scott, Mike Pelanconi and Nick Coplowe. Click here for article.


A great many classic dubs were made on very basic tape machines, so to emulate this you can sub mix or group the individual channels so you can dub the whole drum kit simultaneously etc. Basically it means you need fewer fingers and less brain power, which helps…

Typical Layout:

1. Drums
2. Percussion
3. Bass
4. Guitar and piano chops
5. Organ shuffle or keyboard melodies
6. Vocals and harmonies or lead instrument melodies
7. FX or samples

Simplifying your mixer layout enables you to control all the elements of the mix really quickly and easily, giving you one hand on the arrangement and the other for the FX. It also allows you to EQ whole sections of your mix together (and sweep them). Your mixer layout is important, how you arrange your channels can help or hinder the spontaneity of your dub.

Learn the track; make a mental note of the time of any significant melody or vocal hooks and remember all good dubs have to have a great intro, a memorable bass line, a hypnotizing beat, a signature sound or melody hook and some well timed FX and arrangement drop-downs. Never forget – SPACE IS KING!!!

Wise words from Mad Professor

Dub puts the Engineer’s Skills Center Stage

“Before dub, as the engineer, you had to ‘not be seen and not be heard’, as the proverb goes! Because if you had an identity on a track, you were not fulfilling what an engineer was supposed to do, which was basically to be invisible. You were already invisible, being on the other side of the board, but you were also supposed to be invisible in a sonic way. We reversed that with dub music. From the point where you heard a drum roll, you could go ‘Yeah, that sounds like Erryl Thompson recorded that roll!’”

Home-brew analogue equipment has always been at the heart of the dub sound

…and Mad Professor clearly feels that the sonic identity dub mixers worked so hard to establish is threatened by the rise of digital gear. “We spent years developing an identity, where you could hear exactly who’d done what. The problem with the digital format is that the more a producer leans on it, the less of his identity is stamped on the record. The digital thing takes that away. 

Anything you do on your digital system, he can do it as well

According to Mad Professor, “The difference between the real dub and the digital euro dub, made on a computer, is that the real dub is built on songs. When you hear a good dub album from the ’70s by Tubby or Perry, the tracks are built on songs with proper constructions. Original melodies. A lot of the new guys don’t build on good a song, or at least not a very good song, so it doesn’t take you anywhere. It’s a marriage between music and technology.”

We always have our effects hooked up

The first stereo auxiliary is always my reverb, a Lexicon 480l. It’s a quad-input reverb, one of the most developed reverb units ever, so we could have two stereo auxiliaries to that one. That’s always on and comes back into two stereo splits. Next, we got our delay. I’ve always used the Roland SD3000, I think that’s one of the best delays ever built. A magic delay. I also use MXR phasers, quite a collector’s thing — I’ve got them hooked up to the desk as well.”

“Truth is, after having made several hundreds of records, if you do everything one way, you’d soon have to stop. It’s all challenging and it’s a challenge to take everything in its own context and to have a different approach. “You have to approach each project in a different way. You can’t just say ‘I always do this, so I’ll just do it again.’ I don’t know what other people do and as for me, I just do what I feel for in the moment. It’s like what you want to eat: some days you want curry, some days something else. Sometimes I want a long echo, sometimes I want a short one.”

‘Champion Sound’ – Documentary on the history of Reggae sound systems in Coventry, UK

The documentary is a historical overview of the beginnings and growth of Jamaican Sound System culture in Coventry, UK. From the 1950s to the 1990s, the story is told by the pioneers who brought the Sound Systems to the UK and the generations of Sound System family since. Some ground-breaking interviews with local sound systems, DJs and Reggae pioneers – including: Count Spinner, El Paso, Principal, King Baggy HI FI, Jah Baddis, Mackabee Studio, Black Crusader, JB International, Marshall, DJ Mikey D etc Alongside Coventry people, the film features interviews with Freddie MacGregor, Pete Waterman, Dr Robert Beckford and Lynval Golding.

The soundtrack features some of the all time greatest Sound System tunes. The production was funded by The Heritage Lottery Fund